There are 44 basic sounds in the English language, represented by 26 letters in the alphabet. There are 23 vowel sounds.

Using rising intonation to contrast different parts of the sentence, or to end a sentence in a question. New information is often stressed, while old information is not.

VOICED VS UNVOICED SOUNDS
Voicing is a distinctive feature of English.
In English, sounds can be voiced or unvoiced. Voiced sounds are produced by vocal chord vibration. For example, all vowels are voiced, while "l" is unvoiced. The choice of how to pronounce the "ed" at the end of verbs in the past tense is determined by whether the final sound in the verb stem is voiced or unvoiced.

The schwa is one of the most important sounds in the English language, but is often mispronounced by learners: click here. The schwa is often used to replace unstressed syllables.

TH sound: push your tongue into the top teeth, and blow air out.

"I'll have gone home by then"... I'll ev gone home by then.

When a word ends with a consonant and then "le", the word is divided just before the consonant: for example, "peo/ple".

ARTICULATION
Vowels are pronounced with the mouth open.

Labials
Labial sounds are consonants made by either of the lips.

Dentolabials are found only in pathological speech.

COMMON PROBLEMS FOR EAST ASIANS
Photo/photography.


CHINESE MISTAKES
See here.

MALAY MISTAKES
Lack of aspiration.
Use plural "s" after verbs, nouns, etc, inappropriately.

Consonants: click here.

RUSSIAN MISTAKES
Open-mid back rounded vowel.

SHADOWING

RECOMMENDED WEBSITES & WEBLOGS
» Star Pronunciation
» Ted Power