An explanation of Chomsky's Deep Structure.

In general, English has a Noun Phrase + Verb Phrase structure.

That said, the Verb Phrase could also contain a noun!

Common grammatical mistakes

At the start of course, teach students correct questions to ask the teacher, for example: "How should I say this?" There should also be an explanation of nuance. This is a critical factor in determining which type of tense you should use. Also, the introduction is a good chance to see where the student is making mistakes.

1. Modal verbs (lead into "Amazons in Business" pdf and emphasise the use of modal verbs in this lesson!) It is worth noting that in some languages, such as Russian, there is no concept of modal verbs.

2. Prepositions.
For example, "I am new by iTalki" (German).

3. Gerunds. For example, "I'm used to wake up early" (Spain.)

4. "-ing" vs "-ed" adjectives (a mistake made by students from almost all countries.)

5. Difference between "advertisement" and "advertising" (Russian).

6. Difference between "common" and "popular".

7. How to turn nouns to adjectives and verbs (and vice versa).

8. I noticed that at the beginning of the lesson, while you were talking, you sometimes got confused about PRONOUNS. For example, you said something like: “I will stay at your house in Canada”, when you meant to say, “I will stay at HER house.” Often, however, you corrected yourself, so you were aware that this was a mistake.

9. "Ticket's prices" (Ukrainian).

10. "A customer of us." (German)

11. "We haven't such reactors in Kazakhstan" (Russian speaker.)

12. "It is enough hot." (Russian)

13. "Homosexuality was completely restricted in the USSR" (Ukrainian.)

14. "I'm try bookkeeping course or accounting" (Thai.)

15. "Some of rules" (Kazakhstan.)

16. "They have afraid of people." (Brazilian.)

17. "Don't bring me your problems, bring me your decisions." (Russian.).

18. "In 2015 people, who were aged 20 to 29, were in the ideal weight range." (Russian punctuation)

19. "We have 10 degrees here" (Pronouns: See page 75 of Alex's IELTS Textbook).

20. "Hard sciences and technology are the subjects, which are essential in education of the majority of students and can help them to get better prepared for the professional adult life." (Russian).

Use of "you"... "When you turn 100, you get a letter from the Queen...")

Make vs do.

Take vs Get.

From my side.

He said me/proposed me...

"Propose" instead of "offer".

Difference between "could", "should" and "must" (they seem to be the same in Russian!)

Some common mistakes from this page: Common Errors.

Use of "when" in the past tense.

Before vs until.

TENSES
Simple present tense
Present Perfect Tense
Students often confuse the Present Perfect and Past Simple tense.
Embedded questions and reported speech.

POSITION OF ADVERBS
1. "Never had Reith seen so wary and self-contained a people."

FREQUENTLY USED EXPRESSIONS
"as well as / as well" Almost vs Most
"Most" is for an unspecified group of things; "most of" is for a specific group.


MISTAKES BY NATIONALITY
PORTUGUSE
1. "Have many beaches in Florianopolis."

RUSSIANS
1. "We are going with my wife..."
2. "Should" instead of "must".
3. "We haven't a banya here."
4. "We have 4 o'clock here."
5. "What about my job? Well, it is very interested..."

INDIANS
1. "Each program is having its own requirements in terms of score and other criteria. Check eligibility requirement for Australia PR..."